Soft robots are frequently inspired by biological systems made of soft materials or actuated by electrically charged materials. They are typically similar to the animals that inspired their creation and are constrained by the same structural considerations.
Soft materials, on the other hand, do not lend themselves to the creation of giraffe-like robots! The majority of soft robots are terrestrial wormlike devices, though some have been designed to operate underwater or as manipulator arms similar to octopus arms.
Soft robots have several advantages over conventional robots, including safe human-machine interaction, adaptability to wearable devices, a simple gripping system, and so on.
It can interact with humans more safely than a traditional rigid robot system because it reduces the risk of injury to itself and its surroundings in the event of a collision. It enables its application to be expanded to wearable devices and medical applications. Furthermore, soft robots have inherent advantages over traditional rigid robot systems in gripping motion due to their simpler structure and control algorithm.
Due to their unique features and advantages, soft robots have a considerable range of applications. Recent examples of soft robots illustrate a variety of actuation technologies and body designs.
Although soft robots are still in their infancy, new devices are being designed and built at an alarming rate. A new generation of caterpillar-like robots is currently being created with the help of a multi-material three-dimensional printer capable of assembling completely new designs daily. Many of these technologies are expected to be combined in future robots to increase their versatility and usefulness; for example, the octopus arm manipulator employs both cables and shapes memory alloy actuators.
Soft robotics is a new field that rethinks some design, control, and fabrication methods that may be significantly different from traditional methods. Soft robotics researchers are looking to Nature’s solutions to address these novel requests, which have successfully evolved animals with soft bodies, compliant joints, deformable shells, and other strategies that robotics researchers could harvest.
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