Nanotechnology is the study of tiny structures with dimensions less than 0.1 nm. This technology is thought to be extremely useful in health care, such as delivering medication via blood or treating various types of tumors. As a result, it is vital to examine the capabilities of nanotechnology applications in hospitals and to determine the basic operating principles of nanorobots. The goal of this article is to provide a literature review of recent nanotechnology innovations. The main sections will cover the operation of nanorobots and the use of nanotechnology in hospitals.
Working Principles of Nano Robots
The progress of nanotechnology has increased the number of surgical interventions using nanorobots. They are used to reach remote regions of the human body to treat tumors with targeted chemotherapy and catheterization. It is claimed that such targets in the human body can be accessed via a network of small capillaries located near a specific region. The MRI system can be used to control and navigate nanorobots. It aids in visualizing the anatomy of soft tissues, which is useful for the application of modern technologies in treating using tiny devices inserted into human blood.
Nanorobots can also be used for local sensing and manipulation. For example, in nano-biotechnology, they can be used to explore the functions of the virus that causes influenza and its incubation in a cell, as well as how it infects other cells and influences their properties. Many methods have been developed to manipulate a single virus cell using nanorobots on different types of microscopes. Manipulation techniques such as electrical and magnetic forces are employed. The researchers also created methods for measuring temperature and other conditions in the microchip environment. As a result, it is possible to assert that nanotechnology greatly aids in the development of new methods of treating various diseases.
Application of Nanotechnology in Hospitals
The tiny sizes of nanorobots are thought to provide additional benefits in treating specific diseases, allowing medicine to develop. Some researchers believe that chemical robots used as artificial cells that can move autonomously could be used to provide more effective medicine delivery to patients. It should be noted that such nanorobots are based on self-organization principles and are used to deliver drugs to infected cells, which have properties and characteristics that differ from normal cells. As a result, such chemical robots could be used in hospitals to directly treat cancer cells by changing their properties and preventing tumor growth.
Nanorobots could also be used in cancer radiation treatment, which is believed to provide a complete cure. Some researchers note that it is possible to install radiation isotopes in the body of a nanorobot to ensure that it safely reaches the tumor’s targeted cancer cells. When a robot reaches the bad cells, its cover opens, allowing direct treatment of the tumor. As a result, nanotechnology is regarded as a potentially successful method of cancer treatment.
In a Nutshell
As the medical field evolves, nanobots may play a vital role in replacing antiquated medical diagnostic equipment and methods. Access to atomic-level health activities would allow healthcare providers to detect the early onset of infections, perform in vitro imaging and biopsies, and identify potential diseases. Furthermore, using nanobots would address long wait times at clinics, inconclusive test results, overspending on healthcare procedures, and reliance on the healthcare system. The use of nanobots and other technological advancements has the potential not only to provide physicians with access to an individual’s daily health but also to simplify the overall process of health monitoring.